[Humanist] 24.543 publications: Ubiquity on computation & semantic web; Glottometrics
Humanist Discussion Group
willard.mccarty at mccarty.org.uk
Fri Dec 3 10:57:45 CET 2010
Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 24, No. 543.
Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London
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 From: RAM-Verlag <RAM-Verlag at t-online.de> (19)
Subject: Glottometrics 20, 2010
 From: ubiquity <ubiquity at HQ.ACM.ORG> (13)
Subject: NEW ON ACM's UBIQUITY: Is 'computation' the same as
'process'? How might we reach a state where the semantic web
is truly possible?
Date: Thu, 2 Dec 2010 16:42:04 +0000
From: RAM-Verlag <RAM-Verlag at t-online.de>
Subject: Glottometrics 20, 2010
if you are interested in Glottometrics 20, 2010, please click here: http://www.ram-verlag.de/<blocked::blocked::http://www.ram-verlag.de/> . If you can´t link directly from here see attachement please.
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Date: Tue, 30 Nov 2010 15:40:54 +0000
From: ubiquity <ubiquity at HQ.ACM.ORG>
Subject: NEW ON ACM's UBIQUITY: Is 'computation' the same as 'process'? How might we reach a state where the semantic web is truly possible?
New on ACM’s Ubiquity:
Debate on the Meaning of Computation Continues: Computation is Process;
Reflections on the Path to the Semantic Web
November 30, 2010
Computation is Process
In its first symposium, Ubiquity has asked top leaders in the computing world to discuss this one big question: “What is computation?” <http://ubiquity.acm.org/symposia.cfm> This week, Dennis J. Frailey of Southern Methodist University and the IEEE Computer Society, weighs in to say that the essence of computation can be found in any form of process<http://ubiquity.acm.org/article.cfm?id=1891341>.
Frailey, who is also a recently retired Principal Fellow at Raytheon Company and a past vice president of ACM, writes:
“I recall a conversation in the early 1970s with several graduate students over the question of whether a computer program might be designed to run forever and, if so, how that would fit the prevailing notion that a computable function had to terminate. It was food for thought, leading to the notion that a process could run forever but such a process would be deemed non-computable. That aligned with the theory, but was it the right idea?” [continue reading] http://ubiquity.acm.org/article.cfm?id=1891341
Other contributors who have attempted to answer the question, “What is computation?” include Peter Wegner, Emeritus Professor at Brown University, whose essay discusses the evolution of computation <http://ubiquity.acm.org/article.cfm?id=1883611>, and John S. Conery of University of Oregon, who believes computation is the manipulation of symbols <http://ubiquity.acm.org/article.cfm?id=1889839>. For the complete list of articles and authors who will be contributing to this weekly series, please see the table of contents on Ubiquity.acm.org http://ubiquity.acm.org/symposia.cfm .
Edging Toward the Semantic Web
In another new article on Ubiquity, Espen Andersen proposes a path from the present to a future where the semantic web is possible<http://ubiquity.acm.org/article.cfm?id=1891342>. “The evolution from an interactive Internet toward a more intelligent, semantic web will not happen as a result of dramatic new inventions or jointly agreed standards,” Andersen writes. It will happen “through a gradual evolution and recombination of existing technologies.” Andersen, an editor and frequent contributing writer to Ubiquity, gives some insight to his plan in this excerpt:
“As computers have become more powerful and communications faster, more and more information—be it data values or web pages—are dynamically computed rather than statically retrieved. A processing-poor system will need intermediate, pre-computed data, such as an estimated stock level or a pre-rendered graphic. A more powerful system will count the number of items that are or will be available for sale, and call that the stock level, possibly rendering the result in a graphical format directly. Add increases in storage capability, and the system can remember your display preferences and dynamically adapt to them, too.” [continue reading]<http://ubiquity.acm.org/article.cfm?id=1891342>
For more information on Ubiquity and its editors, content and features, visit http://ubiquity.acm.org.
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