[Humanist] 30.44 pubs: visualisation of timelines; DSH 31.2

Humanist Discussion Group willard.mccarty at mccarty.org.uk
Sat May 21 10:36:32 CEST 2016

                  Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 30, No. 44.
            Department of Digital Humanities, King's College London
                Submit to: humanist at lists.digitalhumanities.org

  [1]   From:    "oxfordjournals-mailer at alerts.highwire.org"               (66)
        Subject: Digital Scholarship Humanities Table of Contents for June 1,
                2016; Vol. 31, No. 2

  [2]   From:    Willard McCarty <willard.mccarty at mccarty.org.uk>          (75)
        Subject: visualisation of timelines

        Date: Thu, 19 May 2016 07:13:52 +0000
        From: "oxfordjournals-mailer at alerts.highwire.org"
        Subject: Digital Scholarship Humanities Table of Contents for June 1, 2016; Vol. 31, No. 2

Digital Scholarship in the Humanities Table of Contents Alert
Vol. 31, No. 2
June 2016

 Original Articles

  Twitter corpus creation: The case of a Malay Chat-style-text Corpus (MCC)
  Mohammad Arshi Saloot, Norisma Idris, AiTi Aw, and Dirk Thorleuchter
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 227-243

  Geographical patterns of formality variation in written Standard 
  California English
  Costanza Asnaghi, Dirk Speelman, and Dirk Geeraerts
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 244-263

  Phonetic-based Sindhi spellchecker system using a hybrid model
  Zeeshan Bhatti, Imdad Ali Ismaili, Dil Nawaz Hakro, and Waseem Javid 
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 264-282

  Tensions and tenets of socialized scholarship
  Susan Brown
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 283-300

  A new chronology for Shakespeare’s plays
  Douglas Bruster and Geneviève Smith
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 301-320

  Vocabulary decay in category romance
  Jack Elliott
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 321-332

  Citation segmentation from sparse & noisy data: A joint inference 
  approach with Markov logic networks
  Dustin Heckmann, Anette Frank, Matthias Arnold, Peter Gietz, and 
  Christian Roth
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 333-356

  Analysis on Chinese quantitative stylistic features based on text mining
  Renkui Hou and Minghu Jiang
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 357-367

  Latin word stemming using Wiktionary
  Richard Khoury and Francesca Sapsford
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 368-373

  Significance testing of word frequencies in corpora
  Jefrey Lijffijt, Terttu Nevalainen, Tanja Säily, Panagiotis Papapetrou, 
  Kai Puolamäki, and Heikki Mannila
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 374-397

  The apocalypse on Twitter
  Theo Meder, Dong Nguyen, and Rilana Gravel
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 398-410

  Discriminative reranking for context-sensitive spell–checker
  Behzad Mirzababaei and Heshaam Faili
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 411-427

  Towards an intellectual history of digitization: Myths, dystopias, and 
  discursive shifts in museum computing
  Andrea Sartori
  Digital Scholarship Humanities 2016 31: 428-440

        Date: Sat, 21 May 2016 08:57:55 +0100
        From: Willard McCarty <willard.mccarty at mccarty.org.uk>
        Subject: visualisation of timelines

Many here will, I suspect, be interested in Florian Kräutli's doctoral 
thesis, "Visualising Cultural Data: Exploring Digital Collections 
Through Timeline Visualisations" (Royal College of Art, 2016), online at
A brief overview was presented yesterday in my Department's fine Early 
Careers Conference. From what I heard and saw this work is more than 
equal to e.g. the research of the Harvard metaLAB as presented last 
year at DH2015 by Jeffrey Schnapp in his keynote. Kräutli quoted from 
L. B. Archer's "The Nature of Research":

> One has to ask, was the practitioner activity an enquiry whose goal 
> was knowledge? Was it systematically conducted? [...] Were the data 
> and the outcome validated in appropriate ways?

The abstract follows.

> This thesis explores the ability of data visualisation to enable
> knowledge discovery in digital collections. Its emphasis lies on
> time-based visualisations, such as timelines.
> Although timelines are among the earliest examples of graphical
> renderings of data, they are often used merely as devices for linear
> storytelling and not as tools for visual analysis. Investigating this
> type of visualisation reveals the particular challenges of digital
> timelines for scholarly research. In addition, the intersection
> between the key issues of time-wise visualisation and digital
> collections acts as a focal point. Departing from authored temporal
> descriptions in collections data, the research examines how
> curatorial decisions influence collections data and how these
> decisions may be made manifest in timeline visualisations.
> The thesis contributes a new understanding of the knowledge embedded
> in digital collections and provides practical and conceptual means
> for making this knowledge accessible and usable.
> The case is made that digital collections are not simply
 > representations of physical archives. Digital collections record not
> only what is known about the content of an archive. Collections data
> contains traces of institutional decisions and curatorial biases, as
> well as data related to administrative procedures. Such '˜hidden data'
> --“ information that has not been explicitly recorded, but is
> nevertheless present in the dataset – is crucial for drawing informed
> conclusions from digitised cultural collections and can be exposed
> through appropriately designed visualisation tools.
> The research takes a practice-led and collaborative approach,working
> closely with cultural institutions and their curators. Functional
> prototypes address issues of visualising large cultural datasets and
> the representation of uncertain and multiple temporal descriptions
> that are typically found in digital collections.
> The prototypes act as means towards an improved understanding of and
> a critical engagement with the time-wise visualisation of collections
> data. Two example implementations put the design principles
> that have emerged into practice and demonstrate how such tools may
> assist in knowledge discovery in cultural collections.
> Calls for new visualisation tools that are suitable for the purposes
> of humanities research are widespread in the scholarly community.
> However, the present thesis shows that gaining new insights into
> digital collections does not only require technological advancement,
> but also an epistemological shift in working with digital
> collections. This shift is expressed in the kind of questions that
> curators have started seeking to answer through visualisation.
> Digitisation requires and affords new ways of interrogating
> collections that depart from putting the collected artefact and its
> creator at the centre of humanistic enquiry. Instead, digital
> collections need to be seen as artefacts themselves. Recognising this
> leads curators to address self-reflective research questions that
> seek to study the history of an institution and the influence that
> individuals have had on the holdings of a collection; questions that
> so far escaped their areas of research.

Read it tonight!

Willard McCarty (www.mccarty.org.uk/), Professor, Department of Digital
Humanities, King's College London

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